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COLOR GUIDELINES BIBLIOGRAPHY

On This Page:  • Aerospace Guidelines and Standards for Color Usage   • Non-Aerospace Guidelines and Standards for Color Usage


This page includes a list of the names and sources of some of the numerous guidelines relating to color usage for aerospace and for other engineering areas. The FAA Human Factors Design Standard (see below) also includes a number of color-usage guidelines, with references.

Aerospace Guidelines and Standards for Color Usage Back to the top of the page.

SAE Publications: Available from SAE, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096-0001.

AS264D Instrument and Cockpit Lighting for Commercial Transport Aircraft

ARP571 Flight Deck Controls and Displays for Communication and Navigation Equipment for Transport Aircraft

ARP1068 Flight Deck Instrumentation, Display Criteria and Associated Controls for Transport Aircraft

AIR1093 Numeral, Letter, and Symbol Dimensions for Aircraft Instrument Displays

ARP1161 Crew Station Lighting - Commercial Aircraft

ARP1782 Photometric and Colorimetric Measurement Procedures for Direct View CRT Displays

ARP1874 Design Objectives for CRT Displays for Part 25 (Transport) Aircraft

ARP4032 Human Engineering Considerations in the Application of Color to Electronic Aircraft Displays, 1998

ARP4067 Design Objectives for Electronic Displays for Part 23 Aircraft

ARP4102 Core Document, Flight Deck Panels, Controls and Displays, 1994

ARP4102/4 Flight Deck Alerting Systems

ARP4102/7 Electronic Display Symbology

ARP4256 Design Objectives for Liquid Crystal Displays for Part 25 (Transport) Aircraft, 1996

ARP4260 Photometric and Colorimetric Measurement Procedures for Airborne Direct View Flat Panel Displays,1998

ARD50083 Human Factors Issues Associated with Cockpit Display of Traffic Information (CDTI)

ARP5108 Human Interface Criteria for Terrain Separation Assurance Display Technology

AS8034 Minimum Performance Standards for Airborne Multipurpose Electronic Displays, 1993

FAA Publications: Available from Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20591.

HF-STD-001 -Human Factors Design Standard, 2003. (See especially Sect. 8.6) Available for download at http://hf.tc.faa.gov/hfds

FAR Part 23 -Airworthiness Standards: Normal, Utility, Acrobatic, and Commuter Category Airplanes

FAR Part 25 -Airworthiness Standards: Transport Category Airplanes

FAA Advisory Circular No. 25-11. Transport Category Airplane Electronic Display Systems, 1987

FAA Advisory Circular No: 120-76 Guidelines for the Certification, Airworthiness, and Operational Approval of Electronic Flight Bag Computing Devices, 2002

FAA TSO-C113 -Airborne Multipurpose Electronic Displays, 1986

DOT/FAA/AR-99/52, DOT-VNTSC-FAA-98-5 Guidelines for the Use of Color in ATC Displays. Cardosi, K. Hannon, D., 1999

DOT-VNTSC-FAA-00-22, Human Factors Considerations in the Design and Evaluation of Electronic Flight Bags (EFBs), Version 2. Chandra, Divya C., Yeh, Michelle, Riley, Vic, and Mangold, Susan J.,

DOT/FAA/AM-01/17, Human Factors Design Guidelines for Multifunction Displays. Mejdal, S., McCauley, M.E., Beringer, D.B. 2001

DOT/FAA/OAM-TM-03-01 Multi-Function Displays: A Guide for Human Factors Evaluation. Chamberlain, R. M., Heers, S. T., Mejdal, S., Delnegro, R. A., & Beringer, D. B., 2003

ANSI/AIAA Publications:

ANSI/AIAA R-023A-1995 Human-Computer Interfaces for Space System Operations, 1995

RTCA Publications:

DO-174 Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Optional Equipment which Displays Non-Radar Derived Data on Weather and Ground Mapping Radar Indicators, 1981

DO-173 Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Airborne Weather and Ground Mapping Pulsed Radars, 1980

RTCA DO-243 Guidance for Initial Implementation of Cockpit Display of Traffic Information

DO-185A Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System II (TCAS II), 1997

Other Publications:

ICAO Doc 9758-AN/966 Human Factors Guidelines for Air Traffic Management (ATM) Systems, First Ed., 2000, International Civil Aviation Organization.

NATS Standard for the Use of Colour on Air Traffic Control Displays, 1998. Metcalfe, C., & Reynolds, L. ( R&D Report 9834). London: National Air Traffic Services Ltd.

mil-std-1787B Military Interface Standard: Aircraft Display Symbology

mil-hdbk-87213 Military Handbook: Electronically/Optically Generated Airborne Displays

air std 10/56D Electronically and Optically Generated Displays Formats and Symbology for Fixed Wing Aircraft

air std 10/72 Electronic Colour Display Systems

air std 61/113/3e Colors and Markings Used to Denote Operating Ranges of Aircraft Displays

air std 61/116/6d Human Engineering Design Criteria for the Use of Aircrew Station Controls and Displays

air std 65/14B Airfield Marking and Lighting Color Standards (ICAO Publication Annex 14, Vol. 1, App. 1, 2nd d., July, 1995)

Non-Aerospace Guidelines and Standards for Color Usage Back to the top of the page.

ISO Publications:

ISO 9241-1 Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs): - Part 3: Visual display requirements

ISO 9241-1 Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs): - Part 7. Display requirements with reflections

ISO 9241-1 Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs): - Part 8. Requirements for displayed colours

ISO 13406-2 Ergonomic requirements for work with visual display terminals employing flat panel technology - Part 2: Ergonomic requirements for flat panels

DIN EN 29 241 Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work with Visual Display Terminals (VDTs). (Same as ISO 9241)

ASTM Publications:

ASTM E 308-99 Standard Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by using the CIE System

ASTM E 1455 Standard Practice for Obtaining Colorimetric Data from a Visual Display Unit Using Tristimulus Colorimeters

ASTM E 1682-96 Standard Guide for Modeling the Colorimetric Properties of a Visual Display Unit

ASTM E 1347-97 Standard Test Method for Color and Color-Difference Measurement by Tristimulus (Filter) Colorimetry

ASTM E 1164-94 Standard Practice for Obtaining Spectrophotometric Data for Object-Color Evaluation

ASTM D 1535-00 Standard Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System

ASTM E 1360-90 Standard Practice for Specifying Color by using the Optical Society of America Uniform Color Scales System

ASTM D 2244-93 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

Other Publications:

** 8/31/2012 Update- Information Display Measurements Standard (IDMS) (www.icdm-sid.org)

CIE Publication No. 15.2 (1986) - Colorimetry, 2nd Edition

NASA –STD-3000, Vol. 1. Man-Systems Integration Standards, Rev. B, 1995.

mil-std-1472F Human Engineering Design Criteria for Military Systems, Equipment, and Facilities

mil-hdbk-87213 Military Handbook: Electronically/Optically Generated Airborne Displays


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General Design Color Guidelines



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